From Spanx Power Panties shorts, to Reebok CrossFit compression tops, Lululemon running tights for guys and modern-made corsets, there is a huge marketplace for clothes that squish, squeeze and sculpt. For a few people, shimmying into shapewear makes it worth while for the figure-enhancing powers of Spandex, an attitude shared by Katy Perry, Kim Kardashian and Heidi Klum, that have given 塑身衣 to make them look really good about the red carpet. Others wear compression clothing to work faster, lift heavier weights or reduce soreness after intense exercise.
But, doctors warn, there are actually real health problems to wearing extra-tight clothing for prolonged periods. Instead of stuffing your system into suffocating clothes, some experts advise, it could be easier to stick to more proven types of body-shaping behavior. Lots of people take the clothing way, however; research firms estimate that shapewear is really a $680-million annual market.
“Everybody wants a shortcut that will be more effortless,” says Orly Avitzur, a neurologist in Tarrytown, N.Y., and medical advisor to Consumer Reports. “But that doesn’t help us with regards to all the advantages of exercise plus a really nutritious diet.”
Neurologists have long known regarding a condition called meralgia paresthetica, which in turn causes painful burning and tingling from the thighs if you find excessive pressure on nerves that run with the groin. The situation is most typical in expectant women and people who gain weight quickly, since their pants suddenly become too tight. But each and every month or two, Avitzur says, she sees a patient suffering from nerve pain because of shapewear.
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Some patients defy stereotypes, such as a 15-year-old girl who stumbled on her office after visiting a gastroenterologist for stomach pain.
It turned out that this girl’s entire soccer team had been wearing colorful compression shorts under their uniforms in school, a fashion trend that was common among senior high school teams in your community. “I wouldn’t have normally asked her if she wore tight compression clothing because she was actually a young athlete,” she says. “It wasn’t until I had been almost leaving the area, and I said, ‘In my mother’s generation, we saw this in ladies who wore girdles.'”
Putting pressure around the abdomen squeezes body organs, which can push acid through the stomach in to the esophagus. That’s why an increase in weight can bring about gastroesophageal reflux disease, and tight undergarments can do the same thing, says Jay Kuemmerle, a gastroenterologist at Virginia Commonwealth University in Richmond. “It’s really just plumbing,” he says. “For someone who has reflux disease or maybe prone to reflux, wearing tight garments may exacerbate those symptoms.” Tight clothes may also worsen the discomforts of irritable bowel syndrome and urinary incontinence, he says. As for the Jessica Alba-endorsed “corset diet,” Kuemmerle doesn’t recommend shapewear for weight loss.
Wiggling your limbs into shaping garments takes effort, and is particularly equally difficult – and perhaps not so sexy – to peel them off. Many women don’t bother, avoiding the toilet as long as they’re wearing their Spanx. But holding your bladder can cause urinary tract infections, Avitzur says. Sweating in tight clothing dexrpky29 also cause infections and skin irritation. Those with diabetes are in particular chance of developing skin infections from snug clothes. Googling suggests other potential health dangers including varicose veins, blood clots, weak core muscles and lower back pain, though, according to some researchers, those risks are overblown. Doctors often prescribe compression stockings to boost blood flow and reduce the potential risk of clots after surgical treatment or for people who have circulation problems. “I’m not trying to claim that everyone wearing restrictive garments is going to have problems,” Kuemmerle says, adding that many problems vanish entirely quickly when the clothing pressure is off. “But adopting a proper lifestyle may obviate the requirement to feel as if you must wear these items.”
Elite runners like Paula Radcliffe and Meb Keflezighi have helped popularize knee-high compression socks, that have become trendy among amateur athletes too, along with other tight workout clothing.
The thought is that squeezing muscles might improve circulation, eliminate waste elements and increase power by reducing the level of force muscles must produce.
Evidence, however, is mixed, says Philip Skiba, director of sports medicine at Advocate Medical Group in Chicago. Scientific studies are also still new, as scientists have been conducting rigorous studies on compression gear cheaper than decade. And many studies include simply a dozen or two athletes, rendering it impossible to generalize outcomes for everyone. Considering the research thus far, Skiba says, there is no convincing data that compression garments lower quantities of lactic acid from the blood, reduce muscle damage or inflammation, or make people run, ski or kayak faster.
Compression garments may, however, offer help with recovery after hard exercise.
In a 2014 study of 24 runners, athletes who wore compression socks after completing 男性塑身衣 reported less soreness twenty four hours later. For sprinters, studies claim that wearing compression socks for a few days right after a workout could help them go several seconds faster throughout their next several-mile-long haul.
Whether benefits like these are physiological or psychological remains to become determined. Placebo rituals are typical – and commonly effective – among athletes who believe a lucky shirt or ritual breakfast will help them. There’s no harm in wearing compression garments for short time periods once they offer you a perceived boost, Skiba says. But there’s no guarantee they’ll help.
“My colleagues in elite sports are generally unimpressed,” he says. “There is definitely nothing We have read within the last 5 years that will cause me to say, ‘Oh my God, everyone needs to make use of these.'”